# Jamb Course Outline for Physics

The Joint Admission Matriculation Body JAMB have prepared essential topics/syllabus to help students prepare for the JAMB Examination. This article shows the JAMB course outline for Physics.

The main principle for Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB course Outline for Physics is to prepare candidates for the Examination. The topics listed below are the list of JAMB Course Outline for Physics.

## JAMB Course Outline for Physics

1. Capacitor

(a) Types and functions of capacitors.

(b) Parallel plate capacitors.

(c) Capacitance of a capacitor.

(d) The relationship between capacitance, area separation of plates and medium between the plates. C = EA⁄d

(e) Capacitors in series and parallel.

(f) Energy stored in a capacitor.

2. Change of State

(a) Latent heat.

(b) Specific latent heats of fusion and vaporization.

(c) Melting, evaporation and boiling.

(d) The influence of pressure and of dissolved substances on boiling and melting points.

(e) Application in appliances.

3. Characteristics of sound wave

(a) Noise and musical notes.

(b) Quality, pitch, intensity and loudness and their application to musical instruments.

(c) Simple treatment of overtones produced by vibrating strings and their columns

Fo = 1⁄2L√(T⁄μ)

where μ = m⁄l

(d) Acoustic examples of resonance.

(e) Frequency of a note emitted by air columns in closed and open pipes in relation to their lengths.

4. Conduction of Electricity

(a) Discharge through gases (qualitative treatment only).

(b) Application of conduction of electricity through gases.

5. Conduction of Electricity Through Liquids

(a) Electrolytes and non-electrolyte.

(b) Concept of electrolysis.

(d) Application of electrolysis, e.g. electroplating, calibration of ammeter, etc.

6. Current Electricity

(a) Electromagnetic force (emf), potential difference (p.d.), current, internal resistance of a cell and lost Volt.

(b) OhmÂ’s law.

(c) Measurement of resistance.

(d) Meter bridge.

(e) Resistance in series and in parallel and their combination.

(f) The potentiometer method of measuring emf, current and internal resistance of a cell.

(g) Electrical networks.

7. Dams and Energy Production

(a) Location of dams.

(b) Energy production.

8. Dispersion of Light and Colours

(a) Dispersion of white light by a triangular prism.

(b) Production of pure spectrum.

(c) Colour mixing by addition and subtraction.

(d) Colour of objects and colour filters.

(e) Rainbow.

9. Eddy Current

(a) Reduction of eddy current.

(b) Applications of eddy current.

10. Elasticity

(a) Elastic limit, yield point, breaking point, HookeÂ’s law and YoungÂ’s modulus.

(b) The spring balance as a device for measuring force.

(c) Work done per unit volume in springs and elastic strings.

11. Electric Cells

(a) Simple voltaic cell and its defects.

(b) Daniel cell, Leclanché cell (wet and dry).

(c) Lead Â–acid accumulator and Nickel-Iron (Nife) Lithium lron and Mercury cadmium.

(d) Maintenance of cells and batteries (detail treatment of the chemistry of a cell is not required)

(e) Arrangement of cells.

(f) Efficiency of a cell.

12. Electrical Energy and Power

(a) Concepts of electrical energy and power.

(b) Commercial unit of electric energy and power.

(c) Electric power transmission.

(d) Heating effects of electric current.

(e) Electrical wiring of houses.

(f) Use of fuses.

13. Electromagnetic Induction

(a) FaradayÂ’s laws of electromagnetic induction.

(b) Factors affecting induced emf.

(c) LenzÂ’s law as an illustration of the principle of conservation of energy.

(d) A.C. and D.C. generators

(e) Transformers.

(f) The induction coil.

14. Electromagnetic Spectrum

Description of sources and uses of various types of radiation.

15. Electrostatics

(a) Existence of positive and negative charges in matter.

(b) Charging a body by friction, contact and induction.

(c) Electroscope.

(d) CoulombÂ’s inverse square law electric field and potential.

(e) Electric field intensity and potential difference.

(f) Electric discharge and lightning.

15. Elementary Modern Physics

(a) Models of the atom and their limitations.

(b) Elementary structure of the atom.

(c) Energy levels and spectra.

(d) Thermionic and photoelectric emissions.

(e) EinsteinÂ’s equation and stopping potential.

(f) Applications of thermionic emissions and photoelectric effects.

(g) Simple method of production of x-rays.

(h) Properties and applications of alpha, beta and gamma rays.

(i) Half-life and decay constant.

(j) Simple ideas of production of energy by fusion and fission.

(k) Binding energy, mass defect and Einstein’s energy equation ΔE = Δmc2

(l) Wave-particle paradox (duality of matter)

(m) Electron diffraction.

(n) The uncertainty principle.

16. Energy and Society

(a) Sources of energy.

(b) Renewable and non-renewable energy e.g. coal, crude oil etc.

(c) Uses of energy.

(d) Energy and development.

(e) Energy diversification.

(f) Environmental impact of energy e.g. global warming, green house effect and spillage.

(g) Energy crises.

(h) Conversion of energy.

(i) Devices used in energy production.

17. Equilibrium of Forces

(i) Centre of Gravity and Stability

(ii) Conditions for Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies Under the Action of Parallel and Non-Parallel Forces

(iii) Equilibrium of Particles

(iv) Principles of Moments

18. Force On a Current-Carrying Conductor in A Magnetic Field

(a) Quantitative treatment of force between two parallel current-carrying conductors.

(b) Force on a charge moving in a magnetic field.

(c) The d. c. motor.

(d) Electromagnets.

(e) Carbon microphone.

(f) Moving coil and moving iron instruments.

(g) Conversion of galvanometers to ammeters and voltmeter using shunts and multipliers.

(h) Sensitivity of a galvanometer.

19. Friction

(a) Static and dynamic friction.

(b) Coefficient of limiting friction and its determination.

(d) Reduction of friction.

(e) Qualitative treatment of viscosity and terminal viscosity.

(f) Stoke’s law.

20. Gas Laws

(a) BoyleÂ’s law (isothermal process).

(b) CharleÂ’s law (isobaric process).

(c) Pressure law (volumetric process).

(d) Absolute zero of temperature.

(e) General gas equation (PV⁄T = constant)

(f) ideal gas equation: e.g. PV = nRT

(g) Van der Waals gas

21. Gravitational Field

(a) NewtonÂ’s law of universal gravitation.

(b) Gravitational potential.

(c) Conservative and non-conservative fields.

(d) Acceleration due to gravity.

(e) Variation of g on the earthÂ’s surface.

(f) Distinction between mass and weight.

(g) Escape velocity.

(h) Parking orbit and weightlessness.

22. Heat Transfer

(a) Conduction, convention and radiation as modes of heat transfer.

(b) Temperature gradient, thermal conductivity and heat flux.

(c) Effect of the nature of the surface on the energy radiated and absorbed by it.

(d) The conductivities of common materials.

(f) Land and sea breeze.

(g) Engines.

23. Inductance

a) Explanation of inductance.

(b) Unit of inductance.

(c) Energy stored in an inductor. E = 1⁄2 × I2 × L

(d) Applications/uses of inductors.

24. Introductory to Electronics

(a) Distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators (elementary knowledge of band gap is required).

(b) Intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductors.

(c) Uses of semiconductors and diodes in rectification and transistors in amplification.

(d) n-type and p-type semiconductors.

(e) Elementary knowledge of diodes and transistors.

25. Light Energy

(I) Propagation of Light

(ii) Source of Light

26. Liquids at Rest

(a) Determination of density of solid and liquids.

(b) Definition of relative density.

(c) Upthrust on a body immersed in a liquid.

(d) ArchimedeÂ’s principle and law of floatation and applications, e.g. ships and hydrometers.

27. Magnets and Magnetic Fields

(a) Natural and artificial magnets.

(b) Magnetic properties of soft iron and steel.

(c) Methods of making magnets and demagnetization.

(d) Concept of magnetic field.

(e) Magnetic field of a permanent magnet.

(f) Magnetic field round a straight current carrying conductor, circular wire and solenoid.

(g) Properties of the earth’s magnetic field; north and south poles, magnetic meridian and angle of dip and declination.

(h) Flux and flux density.

(i) Variation of magnetic field intensity over the earth’s surface.

(j) Applications: earth’s magnetic field in navigation and mineral exploration.

28. Measurements and Units

a) Derived Physical Quantities and Their Units

b) Dimensions

c) Fundamental Physical Quantities

d) Length, Area and Volume

e) Limitations of Experimental Measurements

f) Mass

g) Measurement, Position, Distance and Displacement

h) Time

29. Motion

a) Linear Motion

b) Motion

c) Motion in A Circle

d) Newton’s Laws of Motion

e) Projectiles

f) Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.)

30. Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy

31. Optical Instruments

(a) The principles of microscopes, telescopes, projectors, cameras and the human eye (physiological details of the eye are not required).

(b) Power of a lens.

(c) Angular magnification.

(d) Near and far points.

(e) Sight defects and their corrections.

32. Pressure

(i) Atmospheric Pressure

(ii) Pressure in Liquids

33. Propagation of Sound Waves

(a) The necessity for a material medium.

(b) Speed of sound in solids, liquids and air.

(c) Reflection of sound; echoes, reverberation and their applications.

(d) Disadvantages of echoes and reverberations.

34. Quantity of Heat

(a) Heat as a form of energy.

(b) Definition of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of solids and liquids.

(c) Determination of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of substances by simple methods e.g. method of mixtures and electrical method and Newton’s law of cooling.

35. Reflection of Light at Plane and Curved Surfaces

(a) Laws of reflection.

(b) Application of reflection of light.

(c) Formation of images by plane, concave and convex mirrors and ray diagrams.

(d) Use of the mirror formula

1⁄f = 1⁄u + 1⁄v

e) Linear magnification.

36. Refraction of Light Through a plane and curved surfaces

(a) Explanation of refraction in terms of velocity of light in the media.

(b) Laws of refraction.

(c) Definition of refractive index of a medium.

(d) Determination of refractive index of glass and liquid using SnellÂ’s law.

(e) Real and apparent depth and lateral displacement.

(f) Critical angle and total internal reflection.

Scalars and Vectors

(a) Definition of simple machines.

(b) Types of machines.

(c) Mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of machines.

37. Simple A.C. Circuits

(a) Explanation of a.c. current and voltage.

(b) Peak and r.m.s. values

(c) A.C. source connected to a resistor

(d) A.C. source connected to a capacitor- capacitive reactance

(e) A.C. source connected to an inductor-inductive reactance

(f) Series R-L-C circuits

(g) Vector diagram, phase angle and power factor

(h) Resistance and impedance

(i) Effective voltage in an R-L-C circuits

(j) Resonance and resonance frequence

Fo = 1⁄2π√L

37. Simple Machines

(a) Definition of simple machines.

(b) Types of machines.

(c) Mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of machines.

38. Solar Energy

(a) Solar collector.

(b) Solar panel for energy supply.

39. Structure of Matter and Kinetic Theory

(a) Kinetic Theory

(b) Molecular Nature of Matter

40. Temperature and Its Measurement

(a) Concept of temperature.

(b) Thermometric properties.

(c) Calibration of thermometers.

(d) Temperature scalesÂ–Celsius and Kelvin.

(e) Types of thermometers.

(f) Conversion from one scale of temperature to another.

41. Thermal Expansion

(a) Liquids

(b) Solids

These are the current JAMB course outline for Physics